What are Diabetes, the Types and Symptoms?

Diabetes is referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus which describes a group of metabolic diseases where the person will have high blood glucose that is blood sugar, which is caused by either the insulin production, is inadequate or because the body’s cells do not respond correctly to insulin.diabetes

Those that have high blood sugar will experience frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger. Health information provided by Health Market http://healthmarket.co.za/

Three Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

In type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin and is called insulin dependent diabetes, early onset diabetes or juvenile diabetes. Type 1 diabetes often develops before a person is 40 years old, in their early adulthood or in their teenage years.

Type 1 diabetes often develops before a person is 40 years old, in their early adulthood or in their teenage years.

Type 1 diabetes is less common then type 2. A patient that has type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for their entire life. They will need to have regular blood tests to ensure proper blood glucose levels as well as follow a special diet.

Type 2 Diabetes

This is where the body will not produce enough insulin for proper function or the cells in the body do not react to insulin.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms can sometimes be controlled by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing exercise and monitor their blood glucose levels. However type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease and will get worse where the patient will have to take insulin, which is usually in a tablet form.

Those that are overweight or obese have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes. It is also common as people become older but it has not been determined as to why this may happen. It has also been found that men with a low testosterone are more likely to develop type 2.

Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes affects pregnant females. Some women have a very high level of glucose in their blood and their bodies are then unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells which results in a rising level of glucose.

This type of diabetes can usually be controlled by diet and exercise otherwise a kind of blood glucose controlling medication will need to be taken.

If gestational diabetes is not controlled it can cause complications in childbirth.

The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet.


Often the symptoms of diabetes can go unnoticed because these symptoms on their own seem harmless, however the earlier that diabetes can be diagnosed the better it is in order to avoid serious complication.

Most Common Diabetes Symptoms

  • Frequent Urination
  • Disproportionate thirst
  • Intense Hunger
  • Weight Gain
  • Unusual Weight Loss
  • Increased Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred Vision
  • Cuts and Bruises Don’t Heal Quickly or Properly
  • Skin and Yeast Infections
  • Itchy Skin
  • Gums are Red or Swollen
  • Frequent Gum Disease
  • Sexual Dysfunction in Men
  • Numbness or Tingling – Feet and Hands Especially